Pure vs organic essential oils


Therapeutic Grade Essential Oils is a Potentially Confusing Term

No governmental agency or generally accepted organization “grades” or “certifies” essential oils as “therapeutic grade,” “medicinal grade,” or “aromatherapy grade” in the U.S. There is no formally approved grading standard used consistently throughout the essential oil industry.

In my early days of working with essential oils, I noticed a number of companies that used these terms. Like many others, I didn’t immediately sense any initial concern with the terminology. I, however, became more increasingly concerned with this term as I looked more closely into it and the confusion it causes.

I’m a long time member of the National Association of Holistic Aromatherapy. Upon renewing my annual membership many years ago, I spotted that their membership application/renewal form, at that time, prohibited membership to those companies that used these terms to market or describe their essential oils. It was that policy that lead me to then take a fresh look at the terms therapeutic grade and aromatherapy grade. I then realized how confusing these terms can be to consumers. Having said that, I have noticed that NAHA, under different leadership, no longer prohibits membership to companies that use these terms.

I first began studying aromatherapy in the 90s. I did not realize the potential confusion these terms can cause until I had inquired with NAHA’s president at the time, Kelly Holland Azzaro.

By the time I first learned about holistic aromatherapy, a number of companies, including those that I otherwise find highly reputable, were using the terms therapeutic grade and/or aromatherapy grade. I didn’t see anything malicious with these terms and the terms seemed to act as a way to quickly convey to consumers that the seller’s essential oils were carefully sourced specifically for use by those seeking oils for holistic aromatherapy use.

Most essential oils are distilled and standardized for use in other industries, so those carefully sourcing and selling essential oils intended for aromatherapy and therapeutic applications understandably do want a way to convey the suitability, purity and quality of their oils for therapeutic uses. Soil conditions, seed quality, climate, altitude, growing conditions, harvesting, the care during distillation, bottling and storage can all play a part in the resulting quality of an essential oils. These are all factors that conscientious suppliers pay close attention to. Using these two-word terms seemed to be a concise way for suppliers to designate that their oils were suitable for use by those seeking oils for use in holistic aromatherapy.

Though I’m a skeptical sort, I didn’t originally find anything concerning about companies that used these terms. After much more careful thought back at the time I noticed NAHA’s previous stance in prohibiting companies who used the grade type terminology from joining NAHA, I realized how truly meaningless and confusing these terms can be.

Recommendations for Consumers

If you come across a company that uses the term aromatherapy grade or therapeutic grade, look for other key indicators of their essential oil quality and attempt to assess their particular intent is behind their use of the term. Some companies provide details on their site that define their particular usage of the term.

Use the tips within AromaWeb’s How to Buy Essential Oils article to guide you on what to look for when considering suppliers. Companies that use the terms “therapeutic grade” and “aromatherapy grade” may simply be trying to quickly convey to you that their oils were carefully chosen and tested for use by those practicing holistic aromatherapy. Some companies still have no idea that these terms are confusing.

Carefully read the below AromaWeb articles for tips that will help you evaluate companies that sell essential oils and help you better understand how to access essential oil quality.

How to Buy Essential Oils

How to Buy Aromatherapy Products

Is All the Hype True?

Verifying Essential Oil Quality

  • Part 1: Introduction
  • Part 2: Why Is the Quality/Purity of an Essential Oil Important?
  • Part 3: Aren’t Most Essential Oils Pure?
  • Part 4: Constituents – What do Essential Oils Consist Of?
  • Part 5: Quality vs. Purity – Aren’t They the Same Thing?
  • Part 6: Quantifiable Testing of Essential Oils
  • Part 7: GC-MS Test Results – How Can They Be Used?
  • Part 8: Organoleptic Testing of Essential Oils
  • Part 9: Other Quantifiable Tests for Testing the Quality and Purity of Essential Oils
  • Part 10: Essential Oil Quality and Purity Conclusion: Final Questions/Answers

NAHA created an E-Booklet Series and prepared a very helpful 22-page booklet entitled Quality of Essential Oils. This booklet is Volume I in the series and is available to members (I received mine with my NAHA renewal confirmation email).

Recommendations for Essential Oil Suppliers/Retailers:

For those businesses that want to replace their use of the “grade” terms, therapeutic quality helps to convey the intent.

Kelly Holland Azzaro, president of NAHA at the time, shared the following suggestions:

  • pure essential oils for therapeutic applications
  • pure essential oils (or organic if that is the case) for aroma-therapeutic use
  • quality essential oils used in professional aromatherapy

A Note About AromaWeb’s Advertisers

I strongly encourage AromaWeb advertisers to refrain from using the “grade” terminology, However, a few AromaWeb advertisers do still use these terms. It can be difficult for some companies to go back and change all the many references they may have used with the word “grade.”

Why There’s No Such Thing As “Certified Therapeutic Grade” Essential Oils ❤️

February 12, 2018 11 Comments

When I first started working with and learning about essential oils, I wanted to use the very best of the very best (still do—and we do).

I kept seeing the term “therapeutic grade” or “certified therapeutic grade” in relation to essential oils. After researching and speaking with numerous experts in the field, it became apparent that this was simply a marketing term that was coined in the 90’s, and does not have any real meaning. Essential oils are inherently therapeutic, and while there are specifications for what constitutes an essential oil, set by the International Organization for Standardization, there is not a set of specifications that would define an essential oil as “certified therapeutic” and no independent bodies that certify essential oils as such.

In many industries (healthcare, agriculture, etc., as you are probably very familiar), there are Independent Certification Bodies, Accreditation Services, that are generally not-for-profit and independent—watchdogs who make sure that what companies say is happening is actually happening. With every certification there are specific parameters that the product must meet: So for instance, in the US, the USDA sets the standards for organic agriculture, and any certifying bodies must be approved by the USDA to be credible. This system creates multiple levels of independent evaluation—and a company can’t just claim that its products are organic, at least on packaging, unless it’s been certified so by this system of certification.

You may have seen some “multi-level marketing” companies that sell essential oils and recruit independent sellers to vend on their behalf—and recruit more sellers beneath them in a sales strategy that resembles a pyramid 🙂 One of these multi-level marketing companies puts a “certification seal”on their packaging that says “CPTG” or Certified Pure Therapeutic Grade. This private company actually trademarked this particular term and seal, and designed it to resemble the seals that are from independent bodies. Since they trademarked it, they are of course the only ones who can use it. Basically, they are pretending like “CPTG” is an official, independent certification, which of course it isn’t.

While I hope very much that the essential oils that they sell are of high quality, the fact that they are creating this misleading marketing scheme does not give me high hopes for their credibility as a company. As a general rule of thumb, I would think twice before sourcing from a company that claims their essential oils are “certified therapeutic grade.” They are either completely naive and pretending to have a certification that doesn’t exist, or they are not naive and are pretending to have a certification that does not exist. Either way, not promising.

I wish that the essential oil market was more heavily regulated, however, this is not the case. Many of the “essential oils” and plant oils sold on Amazon and other sites are synthetic, and it is up to the consumer to do their homework and make sure to source from reputable companies that can provide paperwork and lab testing to back up their products. It is up to companies to do their homework as well—and to be transparent with their customers. A good rule of thumb is to ask companies to provide Certificates of Analysis and GC Reports when you order, any reputable essential oil supplier will be able to provide those.

So, what kind of essential oils do we source for Everyday Oil?

The essential oils we use in Everyday Oil are of the highest quality and most tightly regulated in the industry. They are in compliance with ISO 9001:2008 and come with Material Safety Data Sheets, Certificates of Analysis, and GC Reports. They are never tested on animals, and the ingredients that are Certified Organic are certified by the leading Independent organic certification company, QAI. Every recommended quality control element is in place. We don’t call them “therapeutic grade” because that’s not a real thing, and with Everyday Oil you will always get a very real thing.

If you would like to read more about this issue, please check out these references:

The Quality of Essential Oils Journal

There Are No FDA Certified Pure Therapeutic Grade Essential Oils

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11 Responses


January 19, 2020

Can essential oils be used in foods, specifically baking?

Jocelyn Mallory

January 02, 2020

Thanks for the objective information about ‘standards’ for essential oils, or lack thereof and the discussion about MLMs.

Delphine Benard

November 15, 2019

As an independent essential oils retailer for the past 15 years, I found Aura Cacia to be my prefered brand.

Aura Cacia is part of Frontier Coop, not multi marketing.
They have established, ethical relationships with their farmers, and quality extraction since 1986.
They educate for safety and proper use of essential oils.

I recommend them for personal use as well as natural body artisans.
Delphine @onvoyagemarket


October 07, 2019

I only use doTERRA oils, and an artisan from my area.
not all the oils that you can buy which they say Terpapeutic they are, because there was no regulation at least in my country, like many products you buy and say organic you pay a lot of money and then behind in small letters it says (only 10% of the product is organic!!) same with the oils, many companies mix them. In a survey the tested the 50 biggest brands, which from only 4 , all the range of oils where pure ( no toxic dissolutions ) and guess what…one of the is doTERRA…I have been a holistic therapist for 10 years …I only use doTERRA , with my family and my clients…many blessings


July 27, 2019

Thank you for sharing. I myself is a wellness advocate of Doterra. I love their products. That said, I hate the fact that they created and trademarked CPTG, giving the impression that their oils are certified by an independent third party (well, you don’t certified yourself). I don’t mind even if they bear no CPTG so long as they are good products. The author is questioning their marketing strategy and integrity – using CPTG to mislead the users intentionally, and may I just add, evident by a stern warning letter from FDA to Doterra. Click here: https://www.fda.gov/inspections-compliance-enforcement-and-criminal-investigations/warning-letters/doterra-international-llc-09222014

Monique Wilson

July 14, 2019

I am a wellness advocate for Doterra. They label all of their bottles with CPTG. So, my question is, do you think they are being deceptive? I have heard a lot of great testimonials about how helpful their oils are. I want to know if you have a list of companies that has been identified as fraudulent and what makes this company different besides not claiming to be CPTG certified?


July 13, 2019

Actually, there are certifications in other countries where they are regulated, like France. There are some American companies that comply with those.

Julia Stearns @ Healthirony

June 27, 2019

I prefer essential oils because they can help kill bacteria & viruses, fight infection, relieve allergies, and alleviate anxiety, stress, depression, fatigue, and poor memory.


April 14, 2019

CPTG: 8 tests each ran during distillation, production,and packaging.It certifies that there are no fillers,synthetics, ingredients,or harmful contaminants in there oils that would reduce efficacy. The most Toxic room in a home is the female bathroom. The crap we put on every day that dosent have this label is associated with the illnesses that plague our country . The FDA isn’t to be trusted! They havent been right about anything . There reccomended diet-causes obesity and diabetes .

Alvin Davis

April 12, 2019

Thanks for your heartfelt concern about safety of oils! So So important. MLMs teach there sales associates to carefully speak, with careful wording to con and cunningly deceive everyone for $.. Copaiba needs investigated and busted!


February 17, 2019

Thank you for posting this article about the myth of companies claiming they have CPTG essential oils.

Therapeutic Grade Defined

At least once a week someone will email us asking “Are your oils therapeutic grade? You don’t state that on your website.”

To answer that question, first you must define what is meant by “therapeutic grade essential oils.” What does it really mean? Did you know that there is no organization in North America that oversees therapeutic quality, so the definition is really up for grabs? It can be what you make it. This is the reason that at The Apothecary we do not make the claim that our oils are “therapeutic grade” since, in this country, the term is meaningless, and often used as just marketing hype and greenwashing.

Any vendor can claim that their oils are “therapeutic grade” since there is no legal definition of the term.

In our opinion and experience, the correct term should be “aromatherapeutic grade”, since aromatherapy requires only the finest of essential oils. There are many criteria that must be met for an essential oil to truly be of aromatherapy quality:


Organic status does not always mean “therapeutic” quality. What organic should mean for consumer products is that there are no synthetic chemical pesticides or fertilizers, and no GMO’s (genetically modified organisms) involved in the process at any stage from the agricultural level to the finished product. But know this: finding oils labeled “organic” or “certified organic” does not automatically extend to being therapeutic because 95% of all essential oils produced by “certified organic” distillers are still for the flavour and food products industry, still distilled under high pressure, and still not “therapeutic-grade” oils! Many of the larger “certified organic” distilleries have the flavour and food industries as their largest customers, who are not concerned about therapy.

An oil may well be grown organically, but poorly distilled.

This will give you a certified organic, mediocre essential oil. Not something we will knowingly put our label on.

One Harvest

It is very common practice in our industry for botanical matter from different countries or even different years to be blended for distilling, or the oils from different areas or different years to be blended. We believe that aromatherapeutic grade oils should be distilled from one harvest. The oils should be offered as they come from the still, with no components increased or removed to meet an arbitrary profile.

The Common Definition

We don’t always know what other suppliers mean when they state their oils are “therapeutic grade.” What we do know is that a commonly agreed upon definition of “therapeutic grade” (not a legal definition, but often used by knowledgeable members of the trade) includes that the oil be from a named species, single crop, single distillation (not a mixture of aromatics from various areas, perhaps even various years), hopefully (but not always) either organically grown or knowledgeably and ethically wildcrafted. We know that our oils fit this definition, and we give you the information you need to make informed choices…do the vendors you are referring to give you the country of origin, the specific chemotype as well as botanical species?

Here at The Apothecary we strive to provide Aromatherapeutic grade oils, based on the definitions above.

Essential Oil Benefits for Wellbeing and Mood

Our sense of smell is more sensitive and immediate than any other of our five senses, which is why aromas and fragrances can be so instant and uplifting and elevate our state of mind. Continue reading to discover all the essential oil benefits that contain our Natural and Organic Room Sprays made in the UK (United Kingdom). More and more people are now using essential oils moods spray like people use to use aromatherapy to try to change their mood.

Chemicals in a scent can trigger physiological responses and these combined effects enable aromatic essential oils to work on our mind, body, and spirit to bring about the desired effect on our wellbeing and mood.

Natural and Organic Room Sprays:

Here at Organics.com we offer Made by Coopers Non-toxic Air Fresheners – Atmospheric Mists, a combination of organic essential oils bottled in a spray. These mists contain a carefully selected blend of essential oils to calm, balance or uplift moods, a natural healing oils mix. Discover in this article the benefits of aromatherapy.

Click on the image and choose how you feel today.

Created by a husband and wife team who believe what you breathe and put on your skin should be natural, organic and contain only clean ingredients. Their products contain nutrient-rich plant oils and therapeutic grade essential oils. Each product has an aromatherapy element to it; Calming, Balancing, Uplifting and Energising, and all products are always 100% free from parabens, SLS’s, Mineral Oil, Palm Oil, Sulfates, Artificial colours, and synthetic fragrances.

What are essential oils?

Aromatic essential oils are highly concentrated essences derived from plants. Used today in aromatherapy and fragrances they have a long history in natural healing. These oils harness a plant’s therapeutic properties to restore balance not only to our mind and body but also to our spirit.

Today there are over 150 essential oils used in aromatherapy, each has a unique chemistry and properties which bring about distinct psychological and physiological effects.

What’s in an oil?

A single essential oil can contain as many as 100 naturally occurring chemical components which work together to give the oil its unique properties and aroma.

History of Essential Oils

Highly concentrated oils have been used for centuries to calm or stimulate the emotions and enhance wellbeing. The ability of fragrances to affect mood and atmosphere has long been recognised in different cultures. Traditionally scented oils have been used in incense and candles throughout the ages, with many cultures believing the aromas could ward off evil. The Egyptians used scented oils in burial rituals while the Greeks believed aromas connected them to the Gods and the Romans used scented oils for seduction.

Now Organic Essential Oils. The modern use of essential oils.

In the 1930’s French chemist Rene-Maurice Gattefosse coined the term aromatherapy after finding lavender oil helped heal his burned hand without scarring. In World War II a French Army surgeon used oils on wounded soldiers, while Austrian biochemist Marguerite Maury not only prescribed oils but is also credited with using essential oils in massage.

Nowadays essential oils are being embraced in modern-day life for lifting the spirits, wound healing and more bringing this traditional practice back into relevance for modern-day living.

Where do oils come from?

Traditionally most essential oils were harvested in the wild however with an increase in demand for certain oils many are now specially cultivated. Essential oils are now extracted from a wide range of plants worldwide and many oils thrive in Mediterranean areas and in subtropical and tropical climates.

Choosing Essential Oils?

Ensure that you are buying a pure, natural, good quality, sustainably produced essential oil. Recognise quality, check sustainability and choose organic essential oils always. In this article, you will be able to find different natural and organic room sprays made with essential oils.

Organic Essential Oils Benefits:

Don’t lose the opportunity to see how your mood changes with our Natural and Organic Room Sprays.

Organic essential oils and base oils have a higher therapeutic value because they contain the highest level of antioxidants and are less likely to have toxic residues from pesticides and chemical fertilisers. Organic production also benefits farmers, their families, and communities. It is kinder to the soil and generally provides a more positive outlook for future crops, wildlife and water sources.

Atmospheric Mists are a fabulous way to incorporate essential oils into your daily life or give as a gift to friends and family so they too can enjoy the therapeutic benefits these beautiful plant oils create.

Atmosphere Mist with Lavender, Bergamot, Ylang Ylang, Rosemary and Frankincense – CALM

To dispel negative energy and promote peace and tranquillity try Made By Coopers Calming Atmospheric Mist containing soothing essential oils such as Frankincense, Lavender, and Bergamot. Lavender is a versatile and popular essential oil it has a calming fragrance and is renowned for its ability to relax, unwind and promote restful sleep, helping to reduce stress and anxiety.

Atmosphere Mist With Lime, Basil & Clementine Essential Oils – for HAPPY Mood – Essential Oils for HAPPY Mood

For a more uplifting mist try Happy a fruity blend of three essential oils designed to exhilarate and excite. This mist contains Basil Essential Oil alongside Clementine and Lime. Basil is highly valued in traditional Ayurvedic medicine as a protector of both mental and physical wellbeing. Its crisp aroma clears and refreshes the mind and helps to calm anxiety. Good for enhancing wellbeing – Basil balances, revives and strengthens to help combat exhaustion, anxiety or depression.

Atmosphere Mist with Grapefruit, Orange, Black Pepper, Palmarosa & Frankincense – AWAKEN

As an uplifting alternative to Happy, you could also try “Awaken” with a combination of five essential oils designed to awaken the soul and lift the spirits. Containing Grapefruit and Orange essential oil alongside Black Pepper, Palmarosa and Frankincense. Grapefruit has an energising and stimulating effect on body and mind. An uplifting essential oil, it combats tiredness with its fresh, zesty scent, it is revitalising if you are suffering from mental exhaustion and can help lift the emotions. Orange is also an uplifting essential oil, with a sweet scent that relieves anxiety and can calm nervous tension as well as lift feeling of depression.

Atmosphere Mist With Peppermint, Lime and Rosemary Essential Oils – INVIGORATE

Other Atmospheric mists you can try in the Made By Coopers range include Invigorate which contains a mix of Peppermint, Lime and Rosemary Essential Oils

Relaxing Pillow Mist with Lavender, Frankincense essential oils and chamomile flower water – Sleepy Head

or choose more balancing and calming alternatives such as “Relaxing” with Lavender and Frankincense,

Atmosphere Mist with Eucalyptus, Cedarwood, Coriander & Black Pepper Essential Oils – RESTORE

“Restore” with Eucalyptus, Cedarwood, Coriander, and Black Pepper

Atmosphere Mist with Lemongrass, Ginger, Lime & Bergamot Essential Oils – REVIVE

or “Revive” with Lemongrass, Ginger, Lime, and Bergamot.

There is a mist for every mood and why not travel with these combinations to spritz in your home, your work or your hotel room… Natural and Organic Room Sprays are the best option to travel with.

NOW® Solutions certified organic essential oils are extracted from fresh botanicals that are grown in soil that is free of pesticides, synthetic fertilizers and herbicide residues. Each organic essential oil is verified using the latest analytical testing methods and is certified organic by Quality Assurance International (QAI).

What’s the difference between a pure essential oil and an organic essential oil?

  • Plants and botanicals grown for the purpose of producing an organic essential oil are grown in soil that’s free of pesticides, fungicides, herbicides and synthetic fertilizers and contain no genetically modified organisms (GMOs).
  • Oils from organically grown plants and botanicals are teeming with beneficial compounds due to their high purity.
  • Extra care is taken during the distillation process, and organic distillation requires a high level of sanitation and documentation.
  • Once the oil is extracted, the used plants are returned to the field as compost for further fertilization, contributing to the health of the soil and new plants.
  • Buying organic products supports the organic industry and encourages the use of responsible farming techniques that protect our health and the health of our planet.

At NOW® Solutions we’ve built lasting relationships with the organic farmers who grow the botanicals used in our oils, and we’ve seen their dedication to sustainable, organic farming practices first-hand. You’ll find the same dedication in our comprehensive commitment to quality.

Organics are all anyone can talk about these days, which isn’t a bad thing if you understand what they are, which I will explain in a moment. Given a choice of the two when it comes to foods, which do you suppose you would choose? You may be a devoted fan of natural ingredients or this may be new territory for you. Either way, it’s always best to start at the beginning.

Table of Contents

Organic and Non-Organic Essential Oils Comparison



  • Plants grown without chemicals
  • Undiluted
  • No chemicals to breath in
  • No toxins to absorb through your skin
  • Plants possibly grown with chemicals
  • Undiluted
  • Once extracted pesticides and chemicals have been expelled
  • Possibly citrus oils due to residue on the rind

What Does It Mean?

In the simplest of terms, organic means to be derived from living matter. When it comes to food, this definition goes a bit further. When you go to the grocery store or hit up your local farmer’s market for the provincial harvest, you should see plenty of signs proclaiming their product is all natural.

When it comes to something like an apple, which comes into season in the fall where I live, one might think that it’s natural because it’s an apple; it is made from living matter. This is true, but when the farmer uses pesticides to keep the insects away from their crop- this practice adds chemicals, or if a hen farmer injects their chickens with a growth hormone, then this plant or animal, made from living matter, becomes inorganic, as far as food standards go.

​How Does This Apply To Essential Oils?

To understand how the term applies to essential oils, we first need to know how they are created. There are two methods of extracting essences from their host flowers, fruits, bark, and stems- cold pressing and steam distillation.

Cold pressing is used to collect citrus oils like lime, lemon, and sweet orange. The rinds of the fruit are sent down a metal funnel that pricks and presses the oils from their pores. The essential oils are then collected at the bottom.

​Steam distillation is the process used to extract every other essential oil available. Water is placed in a pressure cooker with a rack at the top where the host plant is placed. From there they put the cover on and seal it tightly. Once the steam moves through the host plant, it goes through a tube connected to the lid where it is cooled back to liquid form and collected as a floral water-like substance and the volatile compounds of the plant known to us as essential oils.

​This a lengthy process, which explains why it is somewhat costly to purchase pure essential oils. There is a good deal among producers who claim that their product is pure when it is not.

​But Are They All Natural?

So, if essential oils are made from plants and other living organisms like fruit rinds, flowers, and leaves, then wouldn’t all essential oils be all natural? Not necessarily. All of the flowers, fruits, stems, leaves, and any other part of the plant that is used during the extraction has to be grown before it is used.

If there are any pesticides or chemicals used in the planting or harvesting processes, then is the oil compromised? You might think that it would be, but there are quite a few reasons why it might not be.

  • ​Most plants used to create essential oils like lavender, citronella, and chamomile, are natural pest repellents and do not require additional pesticides.
  • ​Steam distillation uses extreme heat, which is a difficult environment for pesticides to survive in.

So, in short, there is little chance that allows any pesticides to survive if they were used in the first place which leaves nothing floating around your essential oils. But this only goes for the essences that were extracted through steam distillation.

​An Exception To The Rule

​Yet, what about cold pressing? Not only are citrus fruits more likely to obtain pesticides since these types of fruits are not naturally pest resistant, but the oils of these plants are also not obtained through a heat process. When the rinds are cold pressed, the oils drip down them and out the other end. They can pick up any pesticides lingering on the peel and end up in your essential oils.

​Why Should You Use All Natural?

When it comes to the products we put into our bodies, we all get serious, but it is important to say that this should also be a concern when we breathe in certain scents or rub them on our skin. There are three ways in which you can use essential oils, the least used way is through consumption or ingestion.

Still, when we breathe in vapor, it goes into our lungs. When we massage oils into our skin, it goes into our body . So wouldn’t it make sense to avoid all chemicals where you can?


When we are choosing products that will eventually make their way into our bodies, to me, I want to avoid pesticides, additional hormones, and any chemicals that might be lurking about. There are so many toxins and hazardous fumes floating in our air that are out of our control. If you live in an urban area like I do, all you need to do is stand on your local street corner and breath in the fumes of the passing cars.

If you have the option, natural selections are always a better choice when it comes to benefits and safety from unwanted toxins. If you use extracts and would like to give us your opinion on this subject, feel free to leave a comment below.

Essential oils are used in aromatherapy and sought after for their therapeutic properties towards better health and well-being of any individual. Essential oils are a concentrated liquid produced from plant materials such as leaves, bark, stems, flowers, or grasses. It is not such a big surprise that essential oils also come in organic varieties. In fact, many products in the market place these days have an organic option because of recent consumer trends towards more natural and sustainable product choices.

With organic essential oils, this is a great direction to go because you’re after the oils’ therapeutic properties – which have a good chance to be better when produced from organic plant materials.

Almost all products that are organic tend to demand a bit of a higher price. You might wonder, “Is it really worth the extra expense?”. This will entirely depend on your personal belief towards all things organic, and whether or not you are against the use of any chemicals or compounds in your products.

This post contains affiliate links, which means if you make a purchase through these links, I may receive a small commission at no extra cost to you. Read my full disclosure policy here.

See also:

  • Best essential oil brands
  • Are essential oils edible?

Organic vs. Certified Organic

When it comes to organic products, labeling can be deceptive! Despite claims about organic products containing only all-natural ingredients, this is often not true. Some companies out there create hype about their “organic” products when in fact, a great percentage of chemicals are still used in producing them. They just take advantage of the name association because it may provide perceived value to their products. Anyone can print the words “organic” on a label. It is therefore best to do a bit of product research before being blindly being convinced that it actually is an organic one just by what the name says.

On the contrary, in the United States there are official entities that will validate a product as Certified Organic. The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) serves to provide educational materials, programs and services to help farmers and businesses achieve organic certification. Their handbook includes rules & regulations for producing, handling, and labeling products. Any product that’s labeled USDA Certified Organic has complied to these standards, including prohibited practices and following a list of allowed and prohibited substances.

Without the USDA stamp and just the name “organic” printed on a label, there’s still a possibility that the essential oil has been produced from sprayed plants, distilled poorly, or not properly handled during and after distilling. Despite a certain manufacturer claiming that their essential oils are “organic”, please only trust this fact when it’s stamped and approved.

The USDA Organic Handbook Program Regulations contain instructions not only for out-on-the-field farming, but also for handling and processing. Unfortunately, unethically managed companies are the reason why some of the organic products are getting a bad reputation. For your own benefit, avoid purchasing from companies with a bad reputation towards their organic products, and choose better options that offer certified organic essential oils in their product line-up. If you eliminate those few poorly made organic products from your list though, there are still plenty of reasons why organic essentials are a very good choice.

Are Organic Essential Oils Truly Better?

Lavender farm in full bloom

What makes an essential oil a great end-product is due to many factors, starting right with the plants themselves. The seeds, cutting, harvesting, growing and distillation methods are some of the things that make a difference in the quality of essential oil.

As a consumer, please understand that once an essential oil claims that it’s organic or all-natural, it doesn’t automatically mean that it’s better. The term ‘organic’ refers to agricultural processes and principles, and doesn’t guarantee that its end-quality is much better. Of course, chances are that it is, but this is a point that you should keep in mind when choosing between organic and conventional oils.

You can further base this comparison on foods that are organic and non-organic. I would argue that organic foods taste much better than non-organic ones. Harsh chemicals used in some farming practices can leave any plants depleted and harmed – whether that’s an apple you’ll eat or Lavender essential oil you’ll use.

I believe that organic essential oils contain a higher level of the therapeutic plant constituents, which is a super important piece to the healing art of aromatherapy. Organic essential oils are also safer to use because pesticides, chemical fertilizers and herbicides are eliminated from the equation right at production level. Further, organic farming fits more wholly into a well cared-for environment and mentality of sustainability. Organic farmers, agriculture and sustainable practices are still essential for our growing culture – only one of the reasons why a lot of people love to buy organic essential oils.

The main reason that speaks for organic essential oils is the fact that you are actually hoping to gain aromatherapy benefits from your essential oil use. Organic materials can benefit our body and our health much better when they’re grown as naturally as possible, rather than commercially with chemicals, pesticides, and so on. Remember, when it comes to the kind of essential oils you choose, research the company’s reputation and look for the USDA Certified Organic seal.

Aren’t All Essential Oils Organic?

One could argue that all essential oils come from natural sources, so they are by definition “organic”. It depends on how you classify “organic” in the realm of today’s essential oil market. NO – not all essential oils are organic and this generalized understanding is not the approach we are taking. We only count oils as organic if they are approved and stamped by the appropriate authorities. Some essential oil brands carry USDA certified organic essential oils, and those are definitely amazing and worth the investment. The rest of the oils are surely still made from natural sources – though not tested and proofed as certified organic.

Which Organic Essential Oils Companies are the Best?

Because of the emergence of organic products everywhere, essential oil manufacturers that are joining in that effort are on the rise as well. If you want to know which ones have a good reputation, here are some of the best essential oil companies that you should check out.

Rocky Mountain USDA Certified Organic Oils

Rocky Mountain Oils offers a Selection of USDA Certified Organic Essential Oils.
Shop Here

Rocky Mountain Oils (RMO) is a reputable essential oils brand that carries a beautiful line of select USDA Certified Organic essential oils.

Their current offer includes 10 oils: Organic Tea Tree, Organic Peppermint, Organic Orange, Organic Lemon, Organic Lavender, Organic Frankincense, Organic Oregano, Organic Eucalyptus, Organic Grapefruit and Organic Turmeric. Kits of 4 or 6 oils are also available at a bundle price (shop the bundles here).

Especially when it comes to essential oils like Lemon, which is made through cold-pressing the lemon rind pieces, I absolutely favor Organic. The lemon rind that made my oil will have a lot less farming by-products than an oil produced from citrus fruit trees that have been sprayed during growth and harvest season.

See also:

  • Rocky Mountain Oils Essential Oil Company Review

Plant Therapy USDA Certified Organic Essential Oils

Plant Therapy offers 50 Single USDA Certified Organic Essential Oils. Try them in a Sampler Kit
Shop Here

Plant Therapy is also a popular and well-established essential oil brand that offers USDA Certified Organic essential oils among their product offering.

Currently at a whopping 50 Certified Organic essential oils (both singles and blends), you’re sure to find what you’re looking for in an organic variety at Plant Therapy. From Bergamot to Eucalyptus, Frankincense, Lavender, Helichrysum, Melissa or Petitgrain, the selection is insane (find the 50 oils here)!

See also:

  • Plant Therapy Essential Oils Brand Review

Why Use Essential Oils and Aromatherapy?

Essential oils smell so good that they can easily change the feel, flair, and comfort level of the surrounding air in your room if used via an essential oil diffuser. Essential oils can also be applied topically via essential oil massage or spot treatments for example for a headache or sore muscles. You can learn more on how to use essential oils, and which carrier oils to use for specific skin care requirements.


  • USDA Organic Certification Info: https://www.usda.gov/topics/organic

Do you have your own thoughts or favorites to share? Leave us a note in the comment box below!


Chapter 2 Pesticides based on plant essential oils: from traditional practice to commercialization

Given the worldwide use of essential oils in various industries, oils from many species are available in abundance. Their major constituents are either well-characterized or are themselves available in a relatively high degree of purity. Thus, the major barrier to their use as pesticides may be government approval, but in the United States, several plants and their derivatives are exempt from registration owing to their widespread use in foods. This chapter discusses the chemistry of plant essential oils, their biological activities in arthropods and fungi, and their potential as botanical pesticides in commercial practice. Pesticides based on plant essential oils or their constituents have demonstrated efficacy against a range of stored product pests, domestic pests, blood-feeding pests, and certain soft-bodied agricultural pests as well as against some plant pathogenic fungi responsible for pre- and post-harvest diseases. They may be applied as fumigants, granular formulations, or direct sprays with a range of effects from lethal toxicity to repellence and/or oviposition deterrence in insects.

You’d be amazed at the lack of natural pesticides available.

I’ve met so many master gardeners who insist that growing food without pesticides is impossible. As a new gardener years ago, I was discouraged to hear this same rhetoric from trusted gardener friends. I needed some natural pesticides, and I wasn’t going to take ‘no’ for an answer.

Fortunately, I was able to also make friends with some amazing organic gardeners. Seeing their successes with natural methods encouraged me to push forward in my organic attempts to develop some of my own natural pesticides.

Today I’m proud to say that everything we grow here on our farm is completely organic and natural. We don’t use pesticides, herbicides, or fungicides. We don’t use treated wood chips or synthetic fertilizers. We make our own compost, and use the fertilizer generously provided by our organic and holistically raised chickens, goats, and sheep.

And as a result, we grow the most delicious veggies, fruits and nuts year-round here on the farm.

Providing a year-round supply of {organic, pesticide-free} food…

Most people think living in Arizona means a yard of cacti and zero ability to raise your own food.

That couldn’t be further from the truth. Because we have a secret (natural pesticides).

What we grow here on our ONE acre in the Phoenix, Arizona valley…

We have a 500 sq. foot garden, a large pasture in the back and fruit/nut trees everywhere. Take that into account with these numbers!



Fall/Winter (Arizona doesn’t really have a fall, we go from sweating in October to freezing in November):

Eggs from chickens, milk from goats
Every fall/winter, we raise and butcher 30 meat chickens for the freezer.
Every fall/winter, we butcher a 1 year old lamb that’s been raised on our grass.
Corn, Carrots, Lettuce, Spinach, Chard, Kale, Squash, Pumpkin, Eggplant, Cauliflower, Cabbage, Broccoli, Sweet Potatoes, Watermelon, Cantaloupe, Dill, Mint.
Bananas, Almonds, Avocados, Pecans.

Natural Pesticides in the Garden: The Ultimate Guide

Here are a few little tricks that organic gardeners use as a natural pesticide. I use ALL of these methods in my garden.

  • Companion planting (some pests don’t like certain herbs, so planting them around your garden will help).
  • Cedar wood chips as mulch (cedar deters pests).
  • Neem oil (the neem tree has many properties, but one is that it helps deter some pests I use this mostly on corn and squash when during the late summer when bugs are the biggest problem).

All of these work well, but I’ve found that making my own natural pesticides has made a WORLD of a difference in keeping pests at bay.

How to make Natural Pesticides

Essential oils are more concentrated than the herb themselves so I find they are a fantastic addition to my natural garden! It’s also MUCH easier to purchase a White Fir essential oil, rather than try to find a local source or have a branch shipped to you. The variety of plants you put into this spray is what makes it so powerful.

{Homemade Pest Spray} One of my favorite natural pesticides

Deters: Ants, Fleas, Aphids, Snails, Spiders, Caterpillars, Slugs, Pill bugs, Gnats, Flies, Cutworms

Makes 16 oz.

    • 20 drops Peppermint essential oil


    • 20 drops White Fir essential oil

WHITE FIR OIL ADD TO CART (free shipping)

    • 20 drops Thyme essential oil

THYME OIL ADD TO CART (free shipping)

    • 20 drops Cedarwood essential oil


    • 20 drops Spearmint essential oil


    • 20 drops Lemongrass essential oil


Add all essential oils into a 16 oz. glass spray bottle (where to buy). Fill the rest of the way up with witch hazel (where to buy).

Rodent Spray

Deters: Cats, Mice

Makes 2 oz.

    • 20 drops Peppermint essential oil


    • 20 drops Rosemary essential oil

ROSEMARY OIL ADD TO CART (free shipping)

Add all essential oils into a 2 oz. glass spray bottle (where to buy). Fill the rest of the way up with witch hazel (where to buy).

Mosquito Spray

Deters: Mosquitos

Makes 2 oz.

    • 1/2 of a 5mL bottle (roughly 125 drops) of TerraShield (dōTERRA’s repellent blend which has Ylang Ylang Flower, Nootka Wood, Cedarwood Wood, Catnip, Lemon Eucalyptus, Litsea Fruit, Arborvitae Wood essential oils and Vanilla Bean Absolute in a base of Fractionated Coconut Oil and Tamanu Seed Oil.)


Add 1/2 the bottle of TerraShield into a 2 oz. glass spray bottle (where to buy). Fill the rest of the way up with witch hazel (where to buy).

Pollinator Attractor

Attracts: Bees and Butterflies

Makes 2 oz.

    • 15 drops Wild Orange essential oil


    • 15 drops Lavender essential oil

LAVENDER OIL ADD TO CART (free shipping)

    • 10 drops Marjoram essential oil

MARJORAM OIL ADD TO CART (free shipping)

Add all essential oils into a 2 oz. glass spray bottle (where to buy). Fill the rest of the way up with witch hazel (where to buy).

Essential Oil Sprays for Companion Planting

Purpose: Improves flavor and growth

Companion plant booster for Tomatoes, Beets, Cabbage, Peppers, Asparagus, Potatoes, Beans, Eggplant
Makes 1/6 oz.

    • 10 drops Basil essential oil into a 1/6 oz. glass spray bottle. Fill the rest of the way up with witch hazel.

BASIL OIL ADD TO CART (free shipping)

Companion plant booster for Cabbage, Broccoli, Beans
Makes 1/6 oz.

    • 10 drops Rosemary essential oil into a 1/6 oz. glass spray bottle. Fill the rest of the way up with witch hazel.

ROSEMARY OIL ADD TO CART (free shipping)

Companion plant booster for Potatoes, Spinach, Tomatoes
Makes 1/6 oz.

    • 10 drops Cilantro essential oil into a 1/6 oz. glass spray bottle. Fill the rest of the way up with witch hazel.

CILANTRO OIL ADD TO CART (free shipping)

Companion plant booster for Beans, Peas, Cauliflower
Makes 1/6 oz.

    • 10 drops Lavender essential oil into a 1/6 oz. glass spray bottle. Fill the rest of the way up with witch hazel.

LAVENDER OIL ADD TO CART (free shipping)

Garden Hand Scrub

Helps: Scrub all the dirt out of those creases while nourishing and moisturizing your hands!

Makes 2 c.

    • 1/2 cup olive oil
    • 1 cup sugar
    • 1/4 cup salt
    • 20 drops Lavender essential oil

LAVENDER OIL ADD TO CART (free shipping)

    • 10 drops Geranium essential oil

GERANIUM OIL ADD TO CART (free shipping)

Add all ingredients into a bowl and combine well. Store in a wide-mouth pint jar (where to buy).

We can all agree that bugs have their purpose in this world, especially our favorites; the pollinators, but getting rid of the pesky ones naturally can sometimes be a bit of a conundrum. What to use that will actually work, is natural, and if eaten won’t kill us people, our little ones, and our pets…but still kills pests? The answer is not as tricky as you think! There are a couple fantastic natural options for use against insects and bugs of all kinds, but the one I am sharing with you today is a fantastic All-Purpose bug spray because it can work outside, inside, and on any bug you like!

First a word on my OTHER favorite natural bug killer

Before we get started discussing how amazing essential oils are (because we all know they are!), there is one other fantastic natural pest control option that you can use inside or outside your home, and even in the garden! This magic natural ingredient is Diatomaceous Earth! If you have never heard of this stuff, you are in for a fantastic treat! The word “diatomaceous” comes from the root word “diatom”, which is a single-celled organism. Diatomaceous earth is a chalk-like powder that is made up entirely of these diatoms that have fossilized over thousands of years. While DE is safe to use on humans, it is harmful to insects because of its mechanical makeup. It contains no toxins of any kind. On the microscopic level, it is coarse and porous, making it highly absorbent. It sticks to insects and wicks valuable moisture away from their exoskeletons, fatally dehydrating them. This can take time, anywhere from several hours to several days, depending on the conditions and the kind of bug. The great thing about this non-toxic powder is that you can sprinkle it in your garden, around your plants, or even on that line of ants in your kitchen. Just be sure you get Food Grade DE (This is my favorite brand) and not pool grade DE! The pool grade DE can cause respiratory issues. Because this is an ancient clay-like substance, there are a lot of beneficial minerals in DE that are helpful to people, animals, and plants! Stay tuned for more on DE in my next post, where we’ll be using it to make an herbal flea powder for your furry family members!

Using essential oils to battle blight, fungus, and bugs

We’ve talked a lot about the antibacterial, antifungal, and antiseptic properties of many different essential oils, but we always think about these properties when cleaning household surfaces, or using for health purposes. Many essential oils can be used in the garden for these same purposes! Many of your plant’s ailments can be mended by using essential oils instead of their toxic counterparts. Tea tree and lavender essential oils are very antibacterial and antifungal and work well to combat fungus and bacteria issues on your plants. Add 10 drops tea tree essential oil and 10 drops lavender essential oil to 1 gallon of water, before watering. I have also been known to add essential oils to a spray bottle, along with water, and spray just the affected area too! My Medicine Woman essential oil blend is not just great during the cold and flu season, it’s another blend that is great to also use in the garden. It’s not only highly antibacterial and antifungal but will also help protect your plants from bugs too!

Essential oils that repel and kill creepy crawlies

There are many essential oils out there that can repel and kill creepy crawlies around your house and in your garden. You can use these essential oils in your watering can, as a bug spray, and even in candles to ward off insects and bugs of all kinds!

My TWO favorite bug KILLING oils

When I am making a bug spray to kill bugs, there are TWO specific essential oils that I always utilize in my sprays, because they work SO WELL at killing pretty much all bugs everywhere.

  • Orange oil – In a world full of biological pesticides which don’t work very well, orange oil stands out because it wipes out or repels entire colonies, and prevents re-infestations, instead of simply killing insects individually. D-limonene (the main constituent of orange oil) is harmless to humans, but deadly to most insects because it dissolves the waxy coating on the exoskeleton of insects, causing dehydration and asphyxiation. One application of orange oil will destroy a full colony of ants. Then, even more importantly, its powerful scent will eradicate the pheromone trail left behind by the ants. Re-infestation usually happens when “new” ants follow that trail back to the original ant nesting spot. But if they can’t find the pheromone trail, a new colony won’t be setting up shop in your home or business. This oil is so effective at killing bugs, that you should be aware of which bugs you are spraying, as this can also kill beneficial bugs and pollinators.
  • Cedar oil – Cedar oil affects octopamine, a compound that is essential to life for pheromone-driven “bad bugs” like fleas and ticks. Octopamine is responsible for regulating heart rate, movement, and behavior in pests. It’s essential for life. Cedar oil blocks the octopamine neurotransmitter receptors in pests, causing them to be repelled from the area. When “bad bugs” come in contact with cedar oil, pests suffocate and die. Mammals, birds, fish, amphibians and beneficial insects are not affected by cedar oil because they do not have octopamine neurotransmitters.

DIY Bugs-B-Gone Home & Garden Spray

Soap is very effective against all forms of bugs! It also helps to keep flying bugs from flying again, once their wings are drenched, keeping them from coming at you for killing them! This spray can be used both indoors and outdoors, and even on/around your plants in the garden. Beware, this spray will kill ALL bugs, including the good ones, such as bees and butterflies, so be aware of who you are spraying. It won’t kill them if they come to the plant after it’s been sprayed, only if they get sprayed themselves! This spray is so awesome, I have used it to kill ants/fire ants, cockroaches, wasps (you really want to make sure you have a spray bottle with a stream function if you are going to go after these buggers), aphids, caterpillars, flies/horseflies, mosquitoes, and more! This spray is safe for use around your babies & kiddos of all ages!


  • 1/4 cup liquid castile soap (you can alternately use any of the scented Dr. Bronner’s kind as well, such as lavender, citrus, tea tree, peppermint, eucalyptus)
  • 1 tsp. sweet orange essential oil (alternately you can use 1 tsp. orange oil)
  • 1 tsp. Virginia cedarwood essential oil
  • filtered water to fill
  • 32 oz. commercial spray bottle (The commercial strength spray bottles are made without BPA and are strong enough to be used with essential oil. I have tried so hard to find a glass version of this, but they are just not that common still. If you don’t want to use a commercial plastic spray bottle, you can halve this recipe and use this 16 oz. glass spray bottle instead!)


  1. Combine castile soap, cedar oil, and orange oil in a 32 oz. spray bottle (preferably the kind meant for cleaning so that you can change from spray to stream when you need) and add water to fill. Cap and shake well to mix together.
  2. Label and store in a cool dark cabinet when not in use.

TO USE: Spray directly onto the bugs you are trying to demolish. They may walk or run away, but they will slow down and die. For flying bugs, it’s easiest to spray them when they have landed, either on their hive or on the ground/walls/etc. You can make this mixture (using peppermint castile soap) in a large batch, using boiling water, and pour over the ant piles in your yard as well. You have to remember that ant homes can be very large underground cities, so this is a repetitive process that causes them to move their homes out of your yard.

Natural pest control for your entire family

While this spray is fantastic around your home and garden, you may also want to battle the bugs around you and your family’s bodies too! These are some of my favorite recipes to use for the whole family!

Bugs-B-Gone Candle & Spray

Bugs-B-Gone Jr.

Flea & Tick Spray FOR DOGS

Flea & Tick Spray FOR CATS

Organic Essential Oils Vs. Non-Organic Essential Oils

On average, organic foods are 47% more expensive than non-organic, making trips to the grocery store a battle between your wallet and your heart. More and more consumers want to be sure their food, cosmetics and essential oils are pesticide-free. Does buying products that aren’t certified organic equate to surrendering yourself and your family to pesticides? Let’s look at the facts.

Choosing A Side

There are two sides to the organic debate. You either prefer organic essential oils because they are free of pesticides, or you prefer non-organic essential oils because though there may be pesticides present, it is typically an insignificant amount (assuming there is a GC/MS test available for that oil). Each side holds their own set of values as to why they are for or against going organic.

Organic Pesticides

Going organic means ensuring your products are free of pesticides, which may cause health risks. Or does it? Dorene Peterson of American College of Healthcare Sciences finds that essential oils may still contain pesticides, even if they are certified organic. In many cases, organic farms still use pesticides that originate from natural sources, and are approved by US Organic Standards. Despite their natural nature, these pesticides may pose health risks. Essential oil chemist, Brett Harris, prefers non-organic essential oils for this reason “with the occasional exception where you are sure no pesticides were used.” He also notes that the cost of organic oils is simply too high.

Certified Organic

In the essential oil industry, pesticide-free essential oils that are not certified organic are prevalent. According to Essential Oil University chemist, Tanner Wortham, organic farming resources which are needed to meet organic standards, are not always readily available in third world countries where many essential oils are sourced. Although farmers living in third world countries might choose to farm without the use of pesticides, their products might not be considered organic because of costs associated with certifications. In some cases, an organic form of an essential oil might not exist at all.

Pesticides in Essential Oil Distillation

“Another factor that comes into play during the distillation process is the solubility of the pesticide that is being used,” says Wortham. Pesticides found in plant material may be oil soluble or water soluble. During essential oil distillation, oil soluble pesticides will become homogenized with the essential oil, whereas the water soluble pesticides will become homogenized with the hydrosol, which gets separated from the oil. Depending on the volatility of the pesticide, the pesticides may evaporate from the essential oil. This is especially true if the crops were sprayed long before harvest.


Aromatherapist, Robert Tisserand, states that there may be no difference between organic and non-organic essential oils due to the insignificant amount of pesticides typically found in non-organic essential oils. At Edens Garden, we are not biased towards either side. We appreciate that consumers are holding the natural industry to a higher standard. While at the same time we believe that non-organic essential oils do not run the risk of containing consequential amounts of pesticides, given a GC/MS test is provided for oil batches. With all of that in mind, we hope this information helps you to come to your own informed decision.

As a company operated by herbalists, we are huge supporters of organic farming and organic oils. The batch number on the label of our finished product traces the source of our ingredients back to the original farm it was sourced from.

Organic means that the products have no hidden synthetic ingredients, do not contain genetically modified organisms (GMO’s) and the manufacturing facilities have passed certification inspections. Organic farmers work to create a balanced and sustainable farming system and have a concern for the future of the land on which they farm.

Organic farming produces herbs and plants that are free of pesticides, herbicides and their residues. Extracting essential oils from modified or chemically treated plants can produce essential oil with traces of these elements and less than pure results. To be truly effective, essential oils must be absolutely pure and 100% natural. Non organic, synthetic, adulterated or improperly distilled oils, although less expensive, will not provide the same desirable effects and may even have adverse effects. Without knowing the source, non organic essential oils may contain many neutral and unnatural additives.
Another important feature of using organic plants is that the plants grow freely without the aid of synthetic fertilizers and pesticides. Some of the important constituents found in plants are naturally produced by the plant to protect itself from pests and other environmental stressors. Many of these defense mechanisms they produce are the essential oils themselves! In light of this, it can be argued that chemical and pesticide-aided plants need not be as self reliant and may not produce the same constituents. In addition, organic soil has been shown to provide more nutrients to the plant, and much is being written in the press about the vitality of organic plants.
Organic farming is gentler on the environment, encourages a diverse habitat for birds and animals, protects the quality of water, provides a safer workplace for farmers and produces plants that offer the natural full spectrum of healing constituents. Organic farming encourages farmers to take an active role in the quality of their crops and farmers are rewarded with premium prices for their crops.

Simplers Botanicals 2012 – By Robin Lander, Clinical Herbalist & Aromatherapist


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